Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Eviota: No etymology given, suggested by Christopher Scharpt: from Latin 'eu' for 'true' and 'iota' for anything very small, in combination 'truly very small' referring to it as being the smallest vertebrate at the time it has benn described by Jenkins (thus, making the suggestion by Scharpt plausible.; karaspila: Name from the Greek words ' kara' meaning head and 'spilous' for spot; referring to the distinctive occipital spot; an adjective. More on authors: Greenfield & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 23 m (Ref. 85556), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Central Pacific: Fiji and possibly Tonga.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85556); 1.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: a dark, prominent occipital spot; eye 33.7-39.3% HL; caudal-peduncle depth 10.3-12.9% SL; slender body 16.7- 21.3% SL; no dark spots on nape and dorsal midline of trunk; dorsal/anal fin-ray formula 9/8; pectoral-fin rays 16-17, some are branched; cephalic sensory-pore system pattern group I (complete); 5th segmented pelvic-fin ray 8-16% of 4th ray; non-fimbriated genital papilla; absence of 2 orange patches behind the eye in live or fresh individuals (Ref. 85556). Dorsal to anal fin-ray formula 9/8 (Ref. 116739).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greenfield, D.W. and J.E. Randall, 2010. Eviota karaspila, a new gobiid fish from Fiji (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Zootaxa 2672:61-68. (Ref. 85556)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.4 - 28.9, mean 27.1 °C (based on 156 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00475 - 0.02204), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 404 [169, 1,069] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.35 [0.69, 2.77] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [16.3, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.208 [0.088, 0.456] g/100g ; Selenium = 17.4 [7.0, 43.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 199 [48, 759] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.89 [1.60, 5.04] mg/100g (wet weight);