Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Australoheros: From the Latin word 'australis' meaning southern, and the name Heros, after the nominotypic genus of the heroini tribe.
tribe; acaroides: Name was not explained by Hensel, probably from 'Acara', an Amerindian word used for South American cichlids (historically it was linked as a genus group taxon with Cichlasoma- and Aequidens like species) and '-ioides' from the Greek suffix '-eides', meaning like or similar, in reference to the appearance similar to the species of the genus Acara Heckel, 1840.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Subtropical
South America: lower and middle parts of the rio Jacuí drainage, lago Guaíba and its tributaries and Patos-Mirim Lagoon systen in the coastal plain, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85206)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 16 - 17;
soft rays: 7 - 9. Distinguished from all members of the Australoheros forquilha, Australoheros scitulus and Australoheros kaaygua groups by the presence of well developed caudal-fin base spot ( vs. spot absent or weakly developed as a pigment narrow bar); from Australoheros minuano and all the species of the Australoheros facetus group by having a well developed longitudinal stripe (vs. weakly developed) and three abdominal bars vs. four (except in Australoheros guarani; from all the species of Australoheros kaaygua group by the possession of more pectoral rays 14 (vs. 12-13); from Australoheros facetus by its isognathous jaw (vs. prognathous); and from Australoheros facetus and Australoheros guarani by having modally 5 cheek scale rows (vs. three in Australoheros facetus and four in Australoheros guarani) (Ref. 85206).
It occurs in streams with moderate current and with sandy and clayey substratum. During dry season, this species is found in deeper parts of the streams, usually shaded by vegetation. It also inhabits marginal lagoons and flooded regions of great rivers. Can tolerate moderately salt water in some lagoons and estuaries. Diurnal, feeding preferentially on diptera larvae, macrophytes, cladocera, hirudinea and some aquatic ascaris (Ref. 85206).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schindler, I., F.P. Ottoni and M.M. Cheffe, 2010. Heros acaroides Hensel, 1870 - a valid species of Australoheros (Teleostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae) from the Patos-Mirim lagoon system, south Brazil. Verteb. Zool. 60(2):139-146. (Ref. 85206)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03236 (0.01423 - 0.07357), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .