Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Dicrossus: Greek, di = two + Greek, krossoi = tassel (Ref. 45335); foirni: Named for Federacão das Organizações Indígenas do Rio Negro, officially abbreviated as FOIRN. This acknowledges FOIRN for giving repeatedly permission to travel on the tribal land of the village communities of different indigenous groups in the middle and upper Rio Negro and its affluent rivers, as well as for carrying out observations on wildlife, especially insects and fish, in these areas. This permitted the observation and collection of this new species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Rio Negro, Amazon drainage in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85095); 4.5 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 16;
soft rays: 6 - 7. Can be distinguished readily by having three rows of round to vertical-ovoid, alternating dark grey to blackish, double or triple spots on the sides of the body; adult males with a black spot on the dorsum and basal part of the dorsal fin at the position of hard rays 7 to 8, and a pointed rhombic caudal fin. Exhibits pronounced sexual size and color dimorphism (Ref. 85095).
Inhabits all types of water. Juveniles occur exclusively in very soft and acid, clear and black water while sub-adults occur in whitewater brooks (Ref. 85095).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Römer, U., I.J. Hahn and P.M. Vergara, 2010. Description of Discrossus foirni sp. n. and Dicrossus warzeli sp. n. (Teleostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae), two new cichlid species from the Rio Negro and the Rio Tapajós, Amazon drainage, Brazil. Verteb. Zool. 60(2):123-138. (Ref. 85095)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00357 - 0.02228), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .