Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Hemigrammus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335); yinyang: of the state of undifferentiated absolute, encompassing both the yin and yang qualities (Ref. 82434).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: known only from tributaries of the middle rio Tiquie, a tributary of the rio Uaupes, upper rio Negro basin, Amazonas state, Brazil
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82434)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 19 - 23;
Vertebrae: 33 - 34. Distinguished from all other species of the genus Hemigrammus by having (in life) an orange blotch, located between two dark humeral blotches, immediately ahead and slightly above the posterior, darker second humeral blotch. Differs further from all congeners, except Hemigrammus haraldi, Hemigrammus luelingi, Hemigrammus neptunus, Hemigrammus ocellifer, Hemigrammus pretoensis, and Hemigrammus pulcher, by the possession of two humeral blotches. Diagnosed from all these species by the absence of a blotch on the caudal peduncle (vs. caudal peduncle blotch present).
Caught in moderately large (2-6 m wide) streams, with clear water, carrying little suspended sediment. Also collected from dark-colored waters or muddy, silt-laden waters (Ref. 82434).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lima, F.C.T. and L.M. Sousa, 2009. A new species of Hemigrammus from the upper rio Negro basin, Brazil, with comments on the presence and arrangement of anal-fin hooks in Hemigrammus and related genera (Ostariophysi:Characiformes:Characidae). Aqua, Intl. J. Ichthyol. 15(3):153-168. (Ref. 82434)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00650 - 0.03213), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .