Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Hypoptopoma: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, optoma, opsomai = to look at, to watch + Greek, poma = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: across the central and lower Rio Amazonas basin; including Rio Tocantins basin. It is the only species known for northeastern coastal rivers.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111115); max. published weight: 26.66 g (Ref. 111115)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 26. This species is distinguished from its congeners except H. elongatum, by the presence of a patch of odontodes on the anterolateral surface of the cleithrum at the opening to the branchial chamber. It is distinguished from H. elongatum by having a shorter caudal peduncle, with caudal-peduncle length 26.0-36.0 (32.0) (vs. 32.3-36.3 (34.4); t-test, p < 0.001); with a deeper, more robust caudal peduncle, caudal-peduncle depth 8.8-11.0 (10.1) (vs. 7.9-8.8 (8.4); t-test, p < 0.001); by the round to slightly acute snout (vs. snout appearing pointed due to slight lateral inflexion between rostral plate and first infraorbital); by fewer plates along medial series 21-22 (22) (vs. 23); and by having light brown caudal-fin lobes (vs. dark lobes) (Ref. 84367).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Aquino, A.E. and S.A. Schaefer, 2010. Systematics of the genus Hypoptopoma Günther, 1868 (Siluriformes, Loricariidae). Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 336:1-110. (Ref. 84367)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00321 - 0.01360), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .