Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Neoplecostominae
Etymology: Pareiorhaphis: Greek, pareia = jaw + Greek, rhaphis = needle (Ref. 45335); scutula: Name from Latin 'scutula', a diminutive of scuta, plate, scute, referring to the small plates that cover the abdominal region of the species: noun in apposition. More on authors: Pereira, Vieira & Reis.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 84022). Subtropical
South America: Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84022)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from its congeners by having the following combination of characters: abdomen entirely covered with small platelets imbedded in skin and irregularly scattered from pectoral girdle to pelvic-fin insertions (vs. abdomen totally naked or with 1-4 small platelets on each side just posterior to gill opening in P. parmula and P. nasuta ); it is distinguished further from P. parmula by having 51-71 premaxillary teeth (vs. 31-48), 24-28 lateral plates in the median series (vs. 28-31), longer snout length (62.1-70.0 vs. 53.8-63.0% HL); from P. nasuta by having a shorter snout length 62.1-70.0 (vs. 71.1-75.6% HL) and a larger orbital diameter 11.9-14.8 (vs. 8.6-11.3% HL) (Ref. 84022).
The area where most of the specimens were collected is a shallow creek (0.2-0.5 m depth and approximately 5 m wide) with rocky bottom, swift current, and clear water; most of the creek banks are deforested and covered with grasses. Other fish species collected syntopically were Trichomycterus sp., Geophagus brasiliensis, Neoplecostomus sp., and Astyanax sp. (Ref. 84021).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pereira, E.H.L., F. Vieira and R.E. Reis, 2010. Pareiorhaphis scutula, a new species of neoplecostomine catfish (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the upper Rio Doce basin, southeastern Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 8(1):33-38. (Ref. 84022)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00174 - 0.01147), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .