Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
(Viviparous brotulas) > Bythitinae
Etymology: Grammonus: Greek, gramma = signal, mark + Greek, onos = hake; minutus: short length at which the males attain maturity and ripen (Ref. 84063). More on authors: Nielsen & Prokofiev.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 70 - 119 m (Ref. 94063). Tropical; 13°N - 12°N, 109°E - 110°E
Pacific Ocean: off Central Vietnam. Known from two localities (Ref. 84063).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84063)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Grammonus minutus differs from the nine described Grammonus species since it exhibits the following combination of characters: fin rays in dorsal 75–76, anal 54–55, pectoral 22–23, number of vertebrae 12 + 30, interorbital 7.4% of SL. Males have already reached maturity by a length of 32 mm SL.
Depending on the changes in the current system in the Bay of Nha Trang and adjoining areas, juveniles and adolescents of deep-water fishes occur in the collection area at these shallow depths. According to T.T. Hieu, Institute of Oceanography, Nha Trang (personal communication, 2009), there are a number of deep canyons cutting into the outer shelf, which explains the capture of many relatively deep-living species. It is thus possible that G. minutus may live deeper than indicated by the actual trawling depths (Ref. 84063).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G. and A.M. Prokofiev, 2010. A new, dwarf species of Grammonus (Teleostei: Bythitidae) found off Vietnam. Ichthyol. Res. 57:189-192. (Ref. 84063)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .