Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
Europe: Lake Ladoga in Russia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 57.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 59043)
Adults occur in deeper places while alevins and juveniles mostly found along eastern shore. Feeds on benthic organisms such as crustaceans, insect larvae and mollusks. Used to migrate to River Volkhov up to its uppermost reaches for spawning, now blocked by a dam. Migrates to eastern coast before spawning, starting in May - June. Spawns in October - early November. In Volkhov, used to spawn high upstream, in riffles. Information about spawning in lake is sparse, but continued presence confirms lacustrine reproduction. Spawning is now assumed to occur in Volkhov estuary, probably also in lower River Svir (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00193 - 0.01082), b=3.13 (2.92 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=10).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100).