Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: adenacanthus: The specific epithet is derived from the Greek adenos, meaning gland, and akanthos, meaning spine, in reference to the restriction of the glandular tissue to the area where the anal-fin spines are located.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Rio Xingu basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81937)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 22 - 27;
Vertebrae: 37 - 39. Phallobrycon and Bryconadenos are the only members of the Clade A characids that possess a combination of intumescent glandular tissue present on the anterior part of the anal fin and pelvic-fin hooks absent in sexually mature males. This species can be diagnosed by the following characters: the glandular tissue is associated with specially developed spines on some anal-fin rays. Two developed spines are present on median unbranched portions of fifth, sixth and seventh anal-fin rays which are larger and separated from the close-set smaller hooks that appear on distal portions of the anterior anal-fin rays of Phallobrycon, and different from those found on distal portions of several anal-fin rays of many characids. Large spines and small hooks are never found together on any anal-fin ray in Phallobrycon; presence of a simple concentration of glandular tissue on the anterior part of the anal fin; and presence of a developed urogenital papilla in male specimens (Ref. 81937).
Found in the main channel of rivers with fast flowing and rather shallow clear waters, with abundance of rocks and thick sand (Ref. 81937).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Menezes, N.A., K.M. Ferreira and A.L. Netto-Ferreira, 2009. A new genus and species of inseminating characid fish from the rio Xingu basin (Characiformes: Characidae). Zootaxa 2167:47-58. (Ref. 81937)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00656 - 0.03184), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .