Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Ophidion: Diminutive of Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335); guianense: Named for Guiana, NE South America, preseumed center of its distribution. More on authors: Lea & Robins.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 18 - 61 m (Ref. 81834). Tropical
Western Atlantic: Saba Bank (eastern Caribbean Sea) to Venezuela and Suriname, 18-61 m. Probably widespread along the Guianan coast and westward in the southern Caribbean Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 91 - 96;
Vertebrae: 63 - 66. This species is diagnosed by the following characters: D 109- 122 (usually 112-117); A 91-96 (usually 94 or 95), pectoral-fin rays 19 or 20 (modally 19); vertebrae, precaudal 15-16, caudal 47-50 (usually 48-50), total 63-66 (usually 64-65); lower arm of first gill arch with 5-6 developed rakers; short head, inferior mouth but not distinctly overhung by snout; dorsal and ventral profiles of body nearly parallel for much of its length; unmarked body; pelvic rays intermediate in length, reaching under middle of opercle (Ref. 81834).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lea, R.N. and C.R. Robins, 2003. Four new species of the genus Ophidion (Pisces: Ophidiidae) from the western Atlantic Ocean. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Scientific Papers No. 31:1-9. (Ref. 81834)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.4 - 27.6, mean 27.2 (based on 17 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .