Hisonotus leucophrys Carvalho & Reis, 2009

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Hisonotus leucophrys
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Hisonotus: Greek, isos = equal + Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335);  leucophrys: The species epithet leucophrys, from the Greek leucos, white and ophrys, eyebrow, referring to the white longitudinal stripe above eye orbit in the species. A noun in apposition.  More on authors: Carvalho & Reis.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical; 27°S - 28°S, 51°W - 53°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil. Known only from two tributaries of the right margin of the upper rio Uruguay, the rio Ariranhas and the rio Rancho Grande (Ref. 80996).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80996)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 5. Hisonotus leucophrys differs from its congeners, except Hisonotus montanus, by having comparatively broader light stripes on dorsolateral surface of head, from snout tip to posterior end of compound pterotic (wider than pupil diameter) vs. narrow light stripes on dorsal surface of head extended from snout tip to posterior end of compound pterotic, or no longitudinal stripes in that region. Hisonotus leucophrys differs from Hisonotus montanus by having the snout covered with odontodes, without an odontode-free band vs. anterior portion of snout with an odontode-free band; and by having an infraorbital canal entering the infraorbital series via the sphenotic vs. infraorbital canal entering the infraorbital series via the compound pterotic (Ref. 80996).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species inhabits median to fast flowing watercourses of clear water, with stones and sand on the bottom, and are found in aquatic, partially submersed, vegetation islands composed by grass (Ref. 80996).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | Collaborators

Carvalho, T.P. and R.R. Reis, 2009. Four new species of Hisonotus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the upper rio Uruguay, southeastern South America, with a review of the genus in the rio Uruguay basin. Zootaxa 2113:1-40. (Ref. 80996)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00225 - 0.01343), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.1   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .