Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails)
Etymology: Hymenocephalus: Named for its transparent membrane-like head covering (‘‘hymen head’’) and fragile nature of head bones (Ref. 100825).
More on authors: Gilbert & Hubbs.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 430 - 527 m (Ref. 98298). Tropical
Western Pacific: from off NW-Australia, off southern New Guinea and off the Solomon Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 98298)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following characters: 8 pelvic-fin rays; 13-15 pectoral-fin rays; 19-23 gill rakers; the barbel is long, 20-25% HL, reaching beyond a vertical through anterior rim of orbit; orbit 35-40% HL; obtuse snout is slightly protruding, 15-18% HL; ventral striae extending to about ? the distance from pelvic fin bases to periproct; long infraorbital supporter, 70-90% OD; otolith compressed, OL:OH = 0.9-1.0; fused colliculi; long pseudocolliculum, TCL:PCL = 1.25-1.45 (Ref. 98298).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schwarzhans, W., 2014. Head and otolith morphology of the genera Hymenocephalus, Hymenogadus and Spicomacrurus (Macrouridae), with the description of three new species. Zootaxa 3888(1):1-73. (Ref. 98298)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9.2 - 17.5, mean 12.7 °C (based on 70 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00209 (0.00104 - 0.00421), b=3.19 (3.02 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .