Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Pimelodidae
Etymology: Pimelodus: Greek, pimele = fat + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); halisodous: Derived from the Greek adjective 'halis', meaning in crowds, in plenty, sufficient, enough, and the Greek noun 'odous', meaning tooth, in reference to the several irregular rows of conical and slender teeth on each premaxilla.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Rio Tocantins drainage in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 79502)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 41. Differs from all other species of the genus, except Pimelodus jivaro, Pimelodus joannis, Pimelodus ornatus, Pimelodus pictus, and Pimelodus stewarti, by the possession of a dorsal median crest along supraoccipital process; and shorter
distance between the posterior nostril and the anterior orbital border (posterior nostril closer to anterior orbital border). Can be separated from Pimelodus jivaro by the shorter maxillary barbel, extending only slightly beyond caudal-fin base (vs. maxillary barbel surpassing total length); from Pimelodus ornatus and Pimelodus pictus by its
uniform grayish to yellowish coloration (vs. presence of two bands or dark dots along flanks, respectively); from Pimelodus stewarti and Pimelodus joannis by its longer pectoral-fin spine (20.0-23.5 vs. 15.4-19.6% SL); longer snout (43.1-47.9 vs. 35.8-41.8% HL); and larger number of premaxillary tooth rows (13-16 vs. 5-9) (Ref. 79502).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ribeiro, F.R.V., C.A.S. Lucena and P.H.F. Lucinda, 2008. Three new Pimelodus species (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae) from the rio Tocantins drainage, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 6(3):455-464. (Ref. 79502)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00331 - 0.02186), b=3.06 (2.84 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .