Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; potamodromous. Temperate; 10°S - 40°S
Oceania: endemic to Australia (Queensland to Victoria).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6398); max. reported age: 22 years (Ref. 38557)
Occurs in rivers and estuaries (Ref. 7300, 44894). Inhabits lakes and small streams in upland and coastal plain areas, including brackish estuaries. Prefers the cover provided by aquatic vegetation in rocky or gravel-bottomed pools. Only female dwells upstream; male tends to stay in the lower, estuarine reaches of rivers. Juvenile feeds on zooplankton; adult on insects, crustaceans and fishes. Life cycle is catadromous: flood events between May and August trigger a downstream spawning migration to estuaries. A plant thickets and sandbars are known sites for egg deposition (Ref. 44894). A 63 cm LCF female was caught and released in Lake Samsonvale, SE Queensland with an estimated weight of more than 4.5 kg (Stephen T. Poole, pers.comm. firstname.lastname@example.org, 03/09).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00437 - 0.02882), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=18; k=0.20).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .