Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae
Etymology: Leptolebias: Greek, leptos = thin + Greek,lebias, -ou = a kind of fish (Ref. 45335); itanhaensis: The specific name itanhaensis denotes the presence of this species in the Itanhaém river basin, an isolated small coastal drainage of southeastern Brazil.. More on author: Costa.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 3.5 - 4.0; depth range 0 - ? m (Ref. 75888). Tropical
South America: seasonal pools in the Itanhaém river basin in southeastern Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75888)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 16 - 19. Diagnosed from other species of the genus Leptolebias except Leptolebias aureoguttatus by having four caudal neuromasts (vs. two), and horizontal golden lines on caudal fin in males (vs. no similar color pattern). Differs from Leptolebias aureoguttatus by possessing the following characters: two dark-red stripes on dorsal and ventral submarginal portion of caudal restricted to anterior portion of fin in males (vs. along all fin extension); male caudal-fin stripes parallel to fin rays, not branching posteriorly (vs. branching posteriorly); basal portion of dorsal fin with dark-orange small spots in males (vs. dark-red to dark-brown short transverse bars); and five or six lateral mandibular neuromasts (vs. three or four). Can also be differentiated from all congeners in the number of caudal fin rays, 27-31 vs. 25-28 (Ref. 75888).
Occurs in shallow (about 10-40 cm deep), temporary channels within dense rainforest, in tea-colored and acidic (pH 3.5-4.0) water with litter at the bottom (Ref. 75888).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Costa, W.J.E.M., 2008. Monophyly and taxonomy of the Neotropical seasonal killifish genus Leptolebias (Teleostei: Aplocheiloidei: Rivulidae), with the description of a new genus. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 153:147-160. (Ref. 75888)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00415 - 0.02523), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .