Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypostominae
Etymology: Hypostomus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335); chrysostiktos: Derived from the Greek chrysos (after gold), and stiktus (after spotted), in allusion to the bright yellow spots present in the living specimens.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: known only from rio Paraguaçu basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75060)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Can be easily diagnosed from most loricariids, except Megalancistrus, a few species of Chaetostoma, and some species of Pterygoplichthys and Delturus, by having high number of dorsal-fin branched rays (10-11). Can also be differentiated by having slightly evertible cheek plates (vs. fully evertible cheek plates of Chaetostoma, Megalancistrus, and most other Ancistrini and Pterygoplichthyini taxa; or absence of evertible cheek plates in Delturinae, Neoplecostominae, Hypoptopomatinae, Loricariinae, Corymbophanini and Rhinelepini). It further differs from Delturus by possessing four branched anal-fin rays (vs. five or six) and from several loricariids by having naked abdomen (vs. plated in e.g. Pterygoplichthys), snout almost completely plated leaving just a small naked area on its tip (vs. snout completely naked in e.g. Chaetostoma) (Ref. 75060).
Found in dark water stretches of rivers with rocky bottom, at altitudes from 50-662 meters above sea level (Ref. 75060).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Birindelli, J.L.O., A.M. Zanata and F.C.T. Lima, 2007. Hypostomus chrysostiktos, a new species of armored catfish (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from rio Paraguaçu, Bahia State, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 5(3):271-278. (Ref. 75060)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00660 - 0.03472), b=2.92 (2.74 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .