Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335); maculipinna: Named for its distinctive pattern of (black) spots on the fins (dorsal, anal and pectoral) of the initial phase of the species. More on authors: Westneat, Satapoomin & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 15 m (Ref. 72409). Tropical
Eastern Indian Ocean: including the Andaman Sea and Mentawai Islands, Sumatra, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 72409)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 8 - 9;
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 25. This species is distinguished with pectoral rays 14; dorsal rays IX, 10; anal rays III, 9 ; median pre-dorsal scales 4; scale rows on cheek 3, upper row with 6-7 scales, middle with 5 scales, and lower with 1 or 2 scales; a single laterally projecting canine on side of upper dental plates of adults; lips covering more than three-fourths of dental plates; dorsal fin moderately high, the longest dorsal spine 2.5 (2.1-3.0) in head length; caudal fin truncate in young, slightly emarginate in initial phase fish, and emarginate to lunate in terminal males; color of initial phase brown dorsally and on sides with abdomen pale to white below, two white stripes extending from behind eye to caudal peduncle, often a third white line below dorsal fin; snout and iris of eye yellowish, with a yellow patch covering base of pectoral fin; a distinctive black spot on anal fin, from the third anal spine to the second anal ray; a prominent black spot on second dorsal spine; a small black spot dorsally on base of pectoral fin; terminal-male phase complexly colored in blue-green, pink, and yellow with dark saddle extending from postorbital region to 4th dorsal spine and slanting anteroventrally to just behind pectoral fin base; head with a broad blue-green stripe on snout that divides to form a branch through upper eye, extending a short distance beyond, a branch through lower eye, extending on to opercle; chin and suborbital region pinkish yellow with a short transverse blue-green chin strap; an
irregular blue-green zone ventrally on head that continues broadly onto side of chest and anterior abdomen; body blue dorsally posterior to dark saddle, a midlateral blue-green stripe on caudal peduncle that joins a large blue-green crescent in caudal fin; dorsal fin with 4 color bands, red proximally, yellow, red, then blue marginally; anal fin red proximally and blue distally (Ref. 72409).
Occurs in shallow water on coral reefs with high coral cover; primarily on reef crest and slope habitats (Ref. 72409).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Westneat, M.W., U. Satapoomin and J.E. Randall, 2007. Scarus maculipinna, a new species of parrotfish (Perciformes, Scaridae) from the eastern Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 1628:59-68. (Ref. 72409)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.3 - 29.4, mean 28.9 (based on 200 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00466 - 0.02831), b=3.09 (2.89 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .