Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypostominae
Etymology: Hypostomus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335); rhantos: Rhantos is Greek for sprinkled, speckled, or spotted and refers to the tiny randomly placed spots of the species (Ref. 58737).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 5°N - 3°N, 66°W - 67°W
South America: Venezuela. Currently known from the Río Ventuari, a tributary of the upper Río Orinoco, and the mainstem upper Orinoco above Puerto Ayacucho to the Río Casiquiare in Amazonas (Ref. 58737).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58737)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Hypostomus rhantos is described for a uniquely pigmented species of loricariid catfish from the upper Río Orinoco of Amazonas, Venezuela. Light gray to tan when alive, becoming tan when preserved. Body densely covered with tiny spots, head spots even smaller than body spots. Spots present on all fins, generally larger than spots on body, evenly distributed on rays, spines, and membranes. Caudal fin membranes light and spotted anteriorly, fading to dark wash posteriorly. Abdomen lighter than sides, with tiny spots. Occasionally with four dorsal saddles, first below anterior dorsal-fin rays, second below and slightly behind posterior dorsal-fin rays, third below and slightly anterior to adipose-fin spine, and fourth at base of caudal peduncle; all saddles angled anteriorly, saddles one and two combine and continue to base of pelvic fin, third and fourth terminating at middle of midventral plate row. Fin spines usually lighter than rest of body. Spots relatively larger in juveniles. Juveniles with fewer spots distally on all fins, lower half of caudal fin much darker. Head and nape forming arch from tip of snout to origin of dorsal fin. Body depth decreasing from origin of dorsal fin to dorsal procurrent caudal spines then increasing to caudal fin. A rounded ridge present from anterodorsal corner of orbit, running ventral to nares, and ending slightly anteroventral of anterior nare. Longitudinal ridge of raised bone and slightly larger odontodes present on pterotic-supracleithrum beginning at posterodorsal corner of orbit and contiguous with supraorbital ridge. Space between orbits concave such that supraorbital ridge higher than medial surface of head. Supraoccipital convex medially with slight crest (Ref. 58737).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Armbruster, J.W., L.A. Tansey and N.K. Lujan, 2007. Hypostomus rhantos (Siluriformes: Loricariidae), a new species from southern Venezuela. Zootaxa 1553:59-68. (Ref. 58737)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00651 - 0.03520), b=2.92 (2.74 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .