Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Stomatepia: Greek, stoma = mouth + Latin, tepere = be warm (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Trewavas.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 25°C - 27°C (Ref. 13614); 5°N - 4°N
Africa: endemic to Lake Barombi Mbo, Cameroon (Ref. 52307, 81260).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81260)
(total): 13 - 15;
soft rays: 8 - 9. Diagnosis: relatively robust, body depth 30.0-37.0% of standard length; mouth large; upper jaw 28.5-35.2% of head length; lateral line system on head markedly enlarged and inflated; series of dark blotches along the sides often visible; microbranchiospines usually absent on outer faces of second through fourth gill arches (Ref. 81260).
Predatory; reported to kleptoparasitize the freshwater crab Potamon africanus (Ref. 81260). Mainly feeds on shrimp and insect larvae; ovophilic, maternal mouthbrooder; in aquarium, males have been observed moutbrooding albeit rarely (Ref. 52307)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Female is mouthbrooding.
Teugels, G.G., 1991. Stomatepia. p. 465. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5698)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).