Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
(Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Diancistrus: Greek, di = two + Greek, agkistron = hook (Ref. 45335); altidorsalis: Name from Latin 'altus' meaning high and 'dorsalis' meaning neck, referring to its high-necked profile.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 20 m (Ref. 57884). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Pacific: Indonesia, New Guinea, Sabah to the Solomons, including Sta. Cruz Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57884)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 59 - 68;
Vertebrae: 43 - 45. Diagnosis: Vertebrae 11+32-34=43-45, dorsal fin rays 76-85, anal fin rays 59-68; eyes large (at least 2.5% SL); outer pseudoclasper large, broad, ear-lobe shaped; inner pseudoclasper a fleshy appendix at the anterior-inner rim of the outer pseudoclasper, without supporter; large scale patch on operculum above opercular spine (6–9 scales) and 1 to 3 isolated scales below opercular spine; head profile strongly ‘high-necked / hump-backed’; color yellow in live specimens (Ref. 57884).
Large dominating individuals were observed to make attacks toward smaller fish, which were hiding below rocks or any other shelter provided. One male was observed to flip backward the cover of the copulatory organ so that the organ can be exposed while swimming (Ref. 57884). Solitary inhabitant of coral reef crevices to at least 20m depth, cryptic (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schwarzhans, W., P.R. Møller and J.G. Nielsen, 2005. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei, Bythitidae) of the Indo-West-Pacific. Part I. Diancistrus and two new genera with 26 new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museum and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 21:73-163. (Ref. 57884)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.9 - 29.3, mean 28.8 (based on 1452 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00179 - 0.01169), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .