Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Caristiidae
Etymology: Neocaristius: From the Greek neo, meaning "new", and Caristius, a genus masculine in gender (Ref. 87954); heemstrai: Named for Phil Heemstra.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 420 - 1360 m (Ref. 57777), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 31°S - 43°S, 175°W - 169°E
Southern Hemisphere: from the southern Indian Ocean (off the coast of Africa); South Pacific (off the coasts of Tasmania and New Zealand); South Atlantic.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87954); 21.9 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 18 - 21;
Vertebrae: 32 - 35. This species is distinguished by the following characters: with vomerine but no palatine teeth; posteriorly placed dorsal-fin origin, with predorsal distance >87% HL; vertically oriented anteriormost dorsal-fin pterygiophores; distinguished from Paracaristius by its short pharyngobranchial teeth (vs. long and needle-like in Paracaristius), presence of a lateral line, orbit size (>42%SL vs. <45%SL in Paracaristius); distinguished from all other caristiid genera by the broad suborbital space, with an expanded suborbital shield of bony elements, and by the small mouth, with upper jaw covered laterally by suborbitals and not extending to posterior margin of orbit (Ref. 87954).
Area of collection attributed to notal and adjacent subantarctic waters (Ref. 57777).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stevenson, D.E. and C.P. Kenaley, 2011. Revision of the manefish genus Paracaristius (Teleostei: Percomorpha: Caristiidae), with descriptions of a new genus and three new species. Copeia 2011(3):385-399 (Ref. 87954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.2 - 7.2, mean 4.6 °C (based on 36 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .