Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Terapontidae
(Grunters or tigerperches)
Etymology: Hephaestus: Taken from Haphaistos, the God of fire in the Greek mythology; 1658 (Ref. 45335). More on author: De Vis.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Oceania: northeastern Queensland, Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 10. Greatest body depth 2.2-2.5 in SL. Compared to H. fuliginosus, this species lacks the dark band across the pectoral fin base and the concave forehead-snout profile; and its relatively long pelvic fins reach the vicinity of the anus when depressed against the body (Ref. 44894).
Adults are found abundantly in faster flowing sections of rivers, including riffles, over gravel, cobble and rocky bottoms. Sexual maturity is reached at about 13 m for males. Spawning occurs from July to October. Feed on a variety of macroinvertebrates, including crustaceans, aquatic and terrestrial insects, and algae (Ref. 44894). Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., S.H. Midgley and M. Allen, 2002. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth, Western Australia. 394 p. (Ref. 44894)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00635 - 0.04340), b=2.99 (2.76 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .