Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Trichomycteridae
(Pencil or parasitic catfishes) > Trichomycterinae
Etymology: Trichomycterus: Greek, thrix = hair + Greek, mykter, -eros = nose (Ref. 45335); giganteus: Derived from the Latin giganteus (gigantic), referring to its large size, the biggest among species from southeastern Brazil.. More on author: Costa.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Upper Rio Guandu basin in southeastern Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54465)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10 - 11;
Vertebrae: 36 - 37. Distinguishable from the other species of the genus by having a broad dark bluish gray stripe along lateral midline of body, restricted to inner layer of tegument, overlapped by superficial dark brown spots. Also distinguished from the remaining species of the southeastern Brazil by having nine pectoral-fin rays, high number of odontodes (interopercular 59-70 vs. 30-52, opercular 23-30 vs. 10-20), anal-fin origin at vertical posterior to dorsal-fin base and a dark gray opercular patch of odontodes vs. light yellow . Differs from T. nigricans and T. immaculatus by a combination of longer nasal and maxillary barbels (nasal reaching pectoral fin base, vs. between orbit and opercular patch of odontodes; maxillary reaching anterior third of pectoral fin, vs. to interopercular patch of odontodes) and a single median third supraorbital pore vs. third supraorbital pore paired (Ref. 54465).
Although the type locality is a clear water stream with strong current, all specimens were found in still water between 50 and 200 cm deep, hidden under rocks (Ref. 54465).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lima, S.M.Q. and W.J.E.M. Costa, 2004. Trichomycterus giganteus (Siluriformes: Loricarioidea: Trichomycteridae): a new catfish from the Rio Guandu basin, southeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 761:1-6. (Ref. 54465)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00301 - 0.02096), b=2.98 (2.75 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming Fec < 100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .