Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Symphysanodontidae
Etymology: Symphysanodon: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, physis = growth body form + Greek, odous = teeth; related to few teeth which are located over the area where the two jaws meet (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 190 - 290 m (Ref. 54833), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: known from a single specimen collected near mouth of Gulf of Aden, southwest of Socotra Island; reported from the Gulf of Kutch, an inlet in the NE quadrant of the Arabian Sea on the west coast of India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54833)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Anderson, W.D. and V.G. Springer, 2005. Review of the perciform fish genus Symphysanodon Bleeker (Symphysanodontidae), with description of three new species, S. mona, S. parini, and S. rhax. Zootaxa 996:1-44. (Ref. 54833)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13 - 17.8, mean 15.1 °C (based on 7 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5004 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .