Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335); socialis: From the Latin socialis meaning social, in reference to the behavioral trait of this species of forming a true school, as distinct from a loose aggregation, when stressed (Ref. 46844).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 7 m (Ref. 46844). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: known only from Belize. Expected to be found elsewhere along the continental shores of the Caribbean Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80499)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 8 - 9;
soft rays: 11 - 12;
Vertebrae: 25. Head and back gray-green with a narrow midlateral black-brown stripe from front of snout to caudal fin base, ending in a prominent black spot; second narrow brown stripe on lower side, the pale gray zone on the lower side between the two black-brown stripes bisected by a narrow white stripe; a narrow brown stripe on body at each side of base of dorsal fin, continuing middorsally on nape as a double stripe; occiput dark brown; the black caudal base spot rimmed with blue and white except posteriorly (Ref. 46844).
Inhabits shallow coral reefs over coral, sand, rubble or seagrass substrata (Ref. 46844). Forms tight coherent schools when chased (Ref. 80499). Feeds on zooplankton and forms evasive, compact schools when threatened (Ref. 46844).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E. and P.S. Lobel, 2003. Halichoeres socialis: a new labrid fish from Belize. Copeia 2003(1):124-130. (Ref. 46844)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
Endangered (EN) (B1ab(i,ii,iii,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,v)); Date assessed: 03 August 2015
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00488 - 0.02245), b=3.06 (2.89 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .