Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335); fusus: Named for its fusiform body resembling a naval torpedo.. More on author: Last.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 430 - 550 m (Ref. 45056). Deep-water
Eastern Indian Ocean: northern Western Australia and possibly Java, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 45056); 29.3 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 77 - 81. Body firm fusiform, almost cylindrical. Dorsal and ventral surfaces dark; pectoral fin pale distally. Head relatively long (> 21% TL). Mouth moderate, subequal to eye length. Upper eyelid with pale naked patch. Caudal peduncle rather elongate, ca 2-2.6 times greatest horizontal length of D1 including spine about a 5th of TL. Upper teeth of mature males with 7 cusps. Denticles short, robust, arranged in regular rows. Posterior branch of flank marking truncate and merging ventrally with post-pelvic marking. Anterior part of caudal base marking very broad, enveloping ventral surface and extending onto flanks; presence of oval central caudal marking; upper caudal marking comma-shaped. Monospondylous centra 36-38 (Ref. 45056).
Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Last, P., G.H. Burgess and B. Séret, 2002. Description of six new species of lantern-sharks of the genus Etmopterus (Squaloidea: Etmopteridae) from the Australasian region. Cybium 26(3):203-223. (Ref. 45056)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8 - 9.6, mean 8.3 (based on 7 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00176 - 0.00823), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .