Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Triakidae
(Houndsharks) > Triakinae
Etymology: Mustelus: Latin, mustela, -ae = weasel (Ref. 45335). More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 443 m (Ref. 5578). Subtropical; 17°S - 36°S
Southeast Atlantic: Namibia to central Natal, South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244)
Found on the continental shelf and upper slope from the intertidal region to deeper waters over sand and gravel bottoms (Ref. 244). Feeds on crustaceans, octopi, bony fish, and fish offal (Ref. 5578). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Catch usually discarded but may be utilized in a local fishery that processes sharks into jerky (Ref. 244).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). 3 to 8 young per litter. Born at around 25 cm. (Ref. 5485). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.2 - 18, mean 12.8 °C (based on 80 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00240 (0.00106 - 0.00541), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 26.4 [5.0, 107.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.585 [0.204, 2.152] mg/100g ; Protein = 21.2 [18.9, 23.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.129 [0.053, 0.309] g/100g ; Selenium = 41 [13, 150] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.31 [2.38, 16.75] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.611 [0.276, 1.389] mg/100g (wet weight);