Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Astronesthinae
Etymology: Astronesthes: Greek, astra = ray + Greek, esthes, -es = suit, something used to wrap (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 41173). Subtropical
Northwest Pacific: 35°N, 152°E.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41433)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 50 - 52. Posterior edge of operculum lacking in concavity. Spot of bright tissue occupies almost the entire surface of the operculum. Photophores in the following series: PV 14-16 (usually 15); VAV 18-20 (usually 19); OV 14-15; VAL 19-21 (usually 20-21); OA 34-36; OC 46-48; IA 42-45; IC 52-58 (Ref. 41433).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sokolovskiy, A.S. and T.G. Sokolovskaya, 1981. Species composition of the family Astronesthidae (Salmoniformes) in the Northwest Pacific. J. Ichthyol. 21(2):43-48. (Ref. 41173)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18 - 23.2, mean 21.1 (based on 38 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00147 - 0.00985), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .