Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Nemipterus: Greek, nema, -atos = filament + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 18 - 100 m (Ref. 30573). Tropical; 31°N - 30°S, 31°E - 103°E (Ref. 3810)
Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Persian Gulf, east Africa south to Delagoa Bay in Mozambique, Mauritius, Seychelles, Madagascar, Arabian Sea, Sri Lanka, Bay of Bengal, Andaman Sea, and Strait of Malacca. This species has generally been reported under the name Nemipteus delagoae or Nemipterus bleekeri.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450)
soft rays: 7. Suborbital spine absent. Preopercle with 3 transverse scale rows. Pectoral fins moderately long, reaching to or just behind anus. Pelvic fins long, reaching to or just beyond level of origin of anal fin. A line drawn up from posterior edge of suborbital reaching the dorsal profile about 3 to 5 scales before origin of dorsal fin. Scale rows on body below lateral line upward-curved anteriorly. Axillary scale present. Color: Upper body pinkish, silvery below. Snout with 2 indistinct stripes.
Found on sand or mud bottoms (Ref. 30573). Feeds mainly on crustaceans, cephalopods (Loligo), small fishes and polychaetes.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.8 - 28.7, mean 26.1 °C (based on 168 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00631 - 0.01659), b=2.89 (2.76 - 3.02), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.49 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.4-0.8).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 298 [94, 830] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.961 [0.358, 2.986] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [16.6, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.284 [0.141, 0.582] g/100g ; Selenium = 48.3 [13.6, 135.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.71 [1.69, 41.49] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.828 [0.437, 2.593] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.