Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Hemigaleidae
Etymology: Paragaleus: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, galeos = a kind of shark (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 18 m (Ref. 93009). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Bahrain. Also from Arabian Gulf, the Gulf of Oman, India, and Sri
Lanka (Ref. 93009).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 60 - 70 cm
Max length : 48.3 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 28618)
Viviparous (Ref. 50449). Lives in shallow water to 18m depth on the continental shelf (Ref. 93009).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Viviparous, placental (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1999. Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. (Ref. 35766)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.1 - 29.2, mean 27.3 °C (based on 528 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5664 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00143 - 0.00883), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec is assumed to be <10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (62 of 100) .