Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Bryconidae
("Brycon characins") > Salmininae
Etymology: Salminus: I think it could be derived from Latin, salmo, -onis = salmon; diminutive. More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
South America: Paraná, Paraguay, and Uruguay River basins; Laguna dos Patos drainage, upper Chaparé and Mamoré River basin in Bolivia. Occurrence in the remaining Amazon River highly doubtful.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 37.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36796); max. published weight: 31.4 kg (Ref. 72380); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 52065)
Occurs in ponds (Ref. 11229). Carnivorous (Ref. 79585). Feeds on fish and crustaceans (Ref. 13614).
Pairing is distinct during copulation (Ref. 205).
Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. …, 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38376)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00720 - 0.01390), b=3.10 (3.01 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.61 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 5.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2-3; rel. Fec=1,000; K=0.21-0.23; tmax=9).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 81.3 [24.0, 175.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 1 [1, 2] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [17, 21] % ; Omega3 = 0.302 [0.142, 0.675] g/100g ; Selenium = 80.4 [37.7, 167.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 26.6 [11.3, 58.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.38 [0.99, 1.94] mg/100g (wet weight);