Teleostei (teleosts) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Chlorophthalmidae
Etymology: Parasudis: Greek, para = side, in the side + Latin, sudis = esox, fish of the Rhine, cited by Plinius 9.15; it also means "stake" (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Poll.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 100 - 700 m (Ref. 3590). Deep-water; 21°N -
Eastern Atlantic: 21°N (Cap Blanc) to 7°S. Reported from Namibia. Differs from the western Atlantic Parasudis truculentus very slightly which suggest possible conspecificity (Mead 1966).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3590)
A hermaphroditic species found on the upper slope.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Merrett, N.R., 1990. Chlorophthalmidae. p. 351-360. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3590)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 10.5 - 14.2, mean 12.4 °C (based on 24 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00155 - 0.00810), b=3.12 (2.92 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 28.9 [13.0, 87.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.449 [0.152, 0.969] mg/100g ; Protein = 14.6 [11.6, 16.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.193 [0.058, 0.512] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.8 [5.0, 37.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 24.9 [4.5, 131.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.463 [0.278, 0.742] mg/100g (wet weight);