Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Neobythitinae
Etymology: Neobythites: Greek, neos = new + Greek, bythitis, -idos = it is at the bottom, sunken (Ref. 45335); elongatus: From the elongate form of the body (Ref. 40522).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 230 - 1270 m (Ref. 34024). Deep-water
Western Atlantic: Florida Strait to off Panama.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 32505); 11.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 86 - 90. Dorsal part of the body with marbled, brownish pigmentation, but lacking ocelli and stripes. Hind margin of preoperculum with 2 spines. Pseudobranchial filaments 2-4. Teeth granular. Ventral fin rays far from reaching anus, 12-14% SL (Ref. 40522).
Common species (Ref. 34024) found to feed on small gastropods and crustaceans (Ref. 32505). Reproductive strategy possibly similar to other members of this family featuring oviparity, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.1 - 14.4, mean 10.5 (based on 129 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00159 - 0.01046), b=3.12 (2.90 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.54 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .