Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes
(Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae
(Toadfishes) > Batrachoidinae
Etymology: Vladichthys: Named for the late Vladimir Walters, known by his colleagues as Vlad, who studied toadfishes for many years and first discovered that the head musculature of this genus differs from that in Triathalassothia.. More on authors: Greenfield & Greenfield.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 34 m (Ref. 30720). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Belize and Honduras.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30720)
soft rays: 15 - 17;
Vertebrae: 27. This species epaxial trunk musculature does not extend forward to cover the entire dorsocranium behind orbits, bone exposed under skin on central portion of dorsocranium posterior to orbits; frontal bones solid, lacking foramen on each side; one spine on subopercle; head and body with no scales; no axillary foramen or pit; ventral margin of distal end of maxilla hooked anteriorly and lacking a maxillary; pectoral fin with distinct glands between rays; gill opening below lower pectoral-fin base; two orbital cirri, anterior with three fringes, posterior with six fringes; all five pectoral-fin radials fully ossified; dorsal-fin elements III, 20-21; anal-fin rays 15-17; pectoral-fin rays 18-20; vertebrae 27 (Ref. 57811).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greenfield, D.W. and T. Greenfield, 1973. Triathalassothia gloverensis, a new species of toadfish from Belize (=British Honduras) with remarks on the genus. Copeia 1973(3):561-565. (Ref. 30720)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.5 - 28.1, mean 27.7 (based on 12 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .