Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Bryconidae
("Brycon characins") > Bryconinae
Etymology: Brycon: Greek, ebrykon, brykomai = to bite, to gnaw (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hildebrand.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 21°C - 29°C (Ref. 36880)
Central America: Chiriquí del Tire and Chagres River basins, Pacific and Atlantic slopes of Panama; Quepos, Pacific slope of Costa Rica.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38504); max. published weight: 2.3 kg (Ref. 36880)
Body color silver; gray green dorsally; silvery white ventrally. A thin black bar behind the operculum; a rhomboidal black spot on its tail, the color continuing to the tip of the caudal rays (Ref. 36880).
Inhabits streams and rivers of moderate to high current velocity in 10-640 meters elevation. Swims upstream in search of small tributaries in which to breed; lays eggs in excavated nest in the sandy bottom of creeks. Omnivorous, feeds on fruit, flowers, seeds, insects, annelids, crustaceans, and small fishes (Ref. 36880). Popular fish among sport anglers (Lopez-Pinto, pers. comm.). Maximum length reported to reach 40 cm TL (Ref. 36880).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lima, F.C.T., 2003. Characidae - Bryconinae (Characins, tetras). p. 174-181. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38504)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00556 - 0.02601), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.35 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .