Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Urotrygonidae
(American round stingrays)
Etymology: Urotrygon: Greek, oura = tail + Greek, trygon = a sting ray (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Gulf of Venezuela.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6902)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Prickly back with a median row of slightly larger spines from the nuchal region rearward along disc and anterior part of tail. Wide disc and tail long. Plain greyish above, without markings, cream colored below (Ref. 6902).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Compagno, L.J.V., 1999. Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. (Ref. 35766)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 28.4, mean 27 (based on 54 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00393 - 0.02432), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fecundity<100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .