Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Parodontidae
Etymology: Apareiodon: Greek, a = without + Greek, pareia, -as = cheek + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Upper Paraná and upper São Francisco River basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27925)
Inhabits rivers and streams with rocky and sandy bottom, with water flow up to 40 cm/sec. Forages during the day, grazing on algae and preying on bottom-dwelling invertebrates. Uses its well developed pectoral fins to grip the substrate while grazing. Engages in a succession of lunges at the algal growth on rocky bottom, the mobile pedicellate upper teeth likely favoring this grazing mode. Particles thus caught are sorted out in the mouth and then either ingested or spat out. Food is often visually located and picked up. At night, fish congregates in the shallows and in fast-flowing water packs closely among the rocks. Juveniles bear a plain silvery color pattern, gradually replaced by the barred pattern of the adults (Ref. 40391).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oyakawa, O.T., 1998. Catalogo dos tipos de peixes recentes do Museu de Zoologia da USP. I. Characiformes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi). Pap. Avuls. Zool. 39(23):443-507. (Ref. 27925)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00331 - 0.01318), b=3.14 (2.95 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.14 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .