Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Distichodontidae
Etymology: Nannocharax: Latin, nannus = small + Greek, charax = a marine fish without identification (Ref. 45335); rubrolabiatus: From the Latin ruber (red) and labium (lip) after its bright red colored lips (Ref.26632).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 23°C - 25°C; 8°N - 4°S
Africa: Lower Guinea endemic, only known from the Sanaga River basin, Cameroon (Ref. 26632, 81638).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81638)
soft rays: 9 - 10;
Vertebrae: 37. Diagnosis: 50-53 (Ref. 81638) or 46 (Ref. 26632) scales in lateral line. 6-7 anal fin branched rays; dorsal portions of body with distinct dark, vertically oriented dark marks that form saddle-shaped pigmentation pattern; prominent horizontally elongate, dark spots on mid-lateral surface of body (Ref. 81638).
Found under rocks, in riffles of moderately large rivers (30-50m) in the savannah zone, in areas where there is a strong current (>1m/sec); in all sites where collection took place, there was a rather restricted gallery of shrubs and small trees on the river banks; water was greenish with a transparency of about 50 cm, neutral pH (6.5-7.5), with a high content of dissolved oxygen (6.5-7.5 mg/l) and a rather low conductivity (35-45 µS/cm); water temperatures were between 23 and 25 °C at noon (Ref. 26632).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Van den Bergh, E.C., G.G. Teugels, E.J. Coenen and F. Ollevier, 1995. Nannocharax rubrolabiatus, a new species of distichodont fish from the Sanaga River Basin in Cameroon, Africa (Teleostei: Distichodontidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 6(4):349-356. (Ref. 26632)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00145 - 0.00999), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .