Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Ribeira de Iguape River basin in São Paulo and Paraná, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37025); max. published weight: 4.3 kg (Ref. 79585)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from the other species of H. lacerdae group in having 6-8 pores of the laterosensory system along the ventral surface of dentary (vs. 4-6 in H. brasiliensis and H. intermedius, always 5 in H. australis and 4 in H. curupira); 43-48 scales along lateral line (vs. 38-43 H. brasiliensis and 34-39 in H. curupira) (Ref. 81195).
Piscivorous (Ref. 79585).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oyakawa, O.T. and G.M.T. Mattox, 2009. Revision of the Neotropical trahiras of the Hoplias lacerdae species-group (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Erythrinidae) with descriptions of two new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 7(2):117-140. (Ref. 81195)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00281 - 0.01352), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .