Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 110 - 1762 m (Ref. 75877). Deep-water
Circumtropical excluding the eastern tropical Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6347)
Eel-like, moderate to relatively deep body depth; dorsal-fin origin anterior to anal-fin origin; dorsal and anal fin radials elongate and frail; swim bladder small, not filling visceral cavity and not reaching past anus; lacking rockerbone, cardiform teeth and intrinsic swim bladder constrictions or tunic ridges (Ref. 34024).
An uncommon, free-living species (Ref. 34024) and benthic or pelagic (Ref. 58302).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.6 - 14.1, mean 8.5 (based on 795 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .