Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Barbus: Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335). More on author: Berg.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Temperate
Europe: Kuban drainage and Sea of Azov close to Kuban estuary.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 62.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
The only species of Barbus in Kuban drainage which can be diagnosed from its congeners in Black Sea basin by the following characters: lower lip thick, with a pendulous median lobe; tip of dorsal slightly pointed; posterior margin of dorsal straight or slightly concave; last simple dorsal ray spinous, strong, with serrae along almost entire ray; epithelial crests on scales; 56-69 scales on lateral line; pelvic origin about below dorsal origin (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits mountain and piedmont streams, with strong current, sand, gravel or rock bottom. Less abundant in lowland stretches and estuary. Larvae and small juveniles feed predominantly on chironomids and algae while larger juvenile and adults prey on a variety of benthic invertebrates and small fish. Spawns on gravel bottom. Widely distributed and abundant, but rare in lower Kuban since construction of Krasnodar dam (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00351 - 0.01301), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3-4; Fec=60,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (55 of 100) .