Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Macropodus: Greek, makros = great + Greek, pous, podos = foot (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 7.5; dH range: 5 - 25; depth range 0 - ? m. Temperate; 4°C - 25°C
Asia: China, Japan and Korea between the rivers Zhujiang (Pearl river) and Heilongjiang (River Amur). Europe: occurrence in the Russian part of Amur basin is probably the result of introductions. Many authors refer to this species by its old name Macropodus chinensis, but see Ref. 42237.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42924)
(total): 12 - 19;
soft rays: 7 - 15;
Vertebrae: 27 - 29. Caudal fin rounded; lower margin of preorbital weakly serrated, embedded under skin (Ref. 559). Stripe crossing eye not connecting spot on posterior projection of opercle with eye; posterior dorsal-fin rays filamentous behind vertical of posterior anal-fin rays in adults; 6-13 gill rakers on ceratobranchial of first arch; posterior tip of margin of scales on body not darker than scales (Ref. 42924).
Biology similar to Macropodus opercularis. Reported to be well-adapted to low winter temperatures (4-25°C); adults and juveniles (about 1.5 cm SL), are sometimes active under ice cover (E. Willems pes.comm. 11/12).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Freyhof, J. and F. Herder, 2002. Review of the paradise fishes of the genus Macropodus in Vietnam, with description of two species from Vietnam and southern China (Perciformes: Osphronemidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 13(2):147-167. (Ref. 42924)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00659 - 0.04586), b=3.02 (2.79 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .