Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percophidae
(Duckbills) > Bembropinae
Etymology: Bembrops: Greek, bembras, -ados = a kind of anchovy m+ Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335); macromma: Specific name from the Greek 'makros' meaning large and 'omos' meaning shoulder. More on author: Ginsburg.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 150 - 550 m (Ref. 13203), usually 250 - ? m (Ref. 13203). Deep-water
Western Central Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13203)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17 - 18. Caudal fin with dark gray pigmentation along entire posterior edge and scales absent in small area in front of eye. Snout relatively short, 0.8-1.4x eye diameter. Scales on lateral and dorsal sides of snout in most specimens. A small area in front of eye without scales in most specimens. Upper jaw extending behind anterior margin of eye reaching almost to its mid-line. Maxillary tentacle short and stubby. Lateral line descending gradually, reaching mid-line at tip of pectoral fin, separated from origin of first dorsal fin by 3-5 rows of scales, from origin of anal fin by 5-7, and from insertion of anal fin by 2 or 3. Second spine of first dorsal fin prolonged in some specimens. Pectoral fin pointed in most specimens (Ref 13203).
Female specimens collected in May have mature gonads (Ref. 13203).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Das, M.K. and J.S. Nelson, 1996. Revision of the percophid genus Bembrops (Actinopterygii: Perciformes). Bull. Mar. Sci. 59(1):9-44. (Ref. 13203)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.1 - 18.9, mean 15.1 (based on 36 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00158 - 0.00959), b=3.08 (2.87 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .