Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Apistogramma: Greek, apisto = uncertain + Greek, gramma = graphic signal (Ref. 45335). More on author: Kullander.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: ? - 7.0; dH range: ? - 10. Tropical; 23°C - 30°C (Ref. 2060)
South America: Amazon River basin, middle Negro River drainage (near mouths of Urubaxi and Daraã rivers), and Lake Manacapuru in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377); 5.0 cm (female)
Maximum length is 6.0 cm TL (Ref. 12225). These fish practice harem breeding when the females outnumber the available males (Ref. 12251).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
These fish practice harem breeding when the females outnumber the available males (Ref. 12251). About 200 eggs, female tends the clutch (Ref. 2060).
Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00737 - 0.03739), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1; Fec=200).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .