Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Leuciscus: Greek, leykiskos = white mullet (Ref. 45335). More on author: Dybowski.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 10°C - 20°C (Ref. 13614); 54°N - 34°N, 107°E - 145°E
Asia: China, Korea and Amur river basin.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 12 - 17 cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1441); common length : 32.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1441); max. published weight: 500.00 g (Ref. 56557)
Inhabits rivers (Ref. 26334) and lakes (Ref. 41072). Usually found in rivers with slow current (Ref. 51717). Feeds on aquatic insect larvae and flying terrestrial insects (Ref. 41072).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Luo, Y., 1998. Leuciscinae. p. 61-112. In Chen, Y.-Y. and et al. (Eds). Fauna Sinica. Osteichthyes. Cypriniformes II. Science Press. Beijing. 1-531. (Ref. 33783)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00441 - 0.01304), b=3.07 (2.93 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 6.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .