Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Bathysolea: Greek, bathys = deep + Latin, solea = sandal (shoe); refered to the flat shape of the fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Chabanaud.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 380 - 420 m (Ref. 12965). Deep-water
Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola. Reported from Mauritania (Ref. 5377).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5377)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 59 - 66;
Vertebrae: 42 - 44. Body uniform dark brown in color on eyed-side; 2-3 dorsal pterygiophores articulating on dorsoposterior margin of anteriorly curved neural spine of second precaudal vertebra; urohyal with angle usually greater than 100°; length of posteriormost dorsal fin ray in caudal peduncle depth usually less than 1.5.
Frequently captured on the slope of the continental plateau (Ref. 5377). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Desoutter, M. and F. Chapleau, 1997. Taxonomic status of Bathysolea profundicola and B. polli (Soleidae; Pleuronectiformes) with notes on the genus. Ichthyol. Res. 44(4):399-412. (Ref. 26074)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.2 - 13, mean 9.8 (based on 14 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00498 - 0.02308), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .