Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Parapristipoma: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, pristis = saw + Greek, poma = operculum (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; oceanodromous; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 39°N - 15°N, 105°E - 140°E
Indo-West Pacific: southern Japan, East China Sea and Taiwan.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 18.0, range 16 - 20 cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559); max. published weight: 1.1 kg (Ref. 40637)
Cultured and released for fishery in Japan. The species prefers relative warm water, high salinity, and rocky shores. The species does seasonal offshore-inshore migrations in limited areas (Ref. 34104).
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). A couple ascends quickly to the surface and spawns (Ref. 34104).
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.2 - 26.6, mean 24.1 °C (based on 168 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00555 - 0.01568), b=3.01 (2.86 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.25-0.35; tm=2; Fec=30,083).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 75.9 [39.4, 141.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.34 [0.73, 2.30] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [16.9, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.353 [0.173, 0.613] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.2 [14.5, 56.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 23.8 [9.0, 59.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.845 [0.529, 1.283] mg/100g (wet weight);