Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 25 - 800 m (Ref. 6793). Deep-water; 60°N -
Eastern Pacific: Alsek Canyon, southeastern Alaska to Isla Cedros, central Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
Occurs in the vicinity of rocky areas (Ref. 4925). Good food fish but is of little commercial importance due to its small size (Ref. 6885).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.5 - 9.6, mean 6.2 °C (based on 167 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00437 - 0.01818), b=3.10 (2.94 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=20; tm=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .