Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Hemitripteridae
(Sea ravens or sailfin sculpins)
Etymology: Hemitripterus: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, tres, tria = three + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335); bolini: Named after R.L. Bolin, U.S. ichthyologist (Ref.6885). More on author: Myers.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 25 - 925 m (Ref. 6793), usually 200 - 300 m (Ref. 57943). Temperate
North Pacific: Bering Sea to the Aleutian chain and Eureka, California, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 73.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48798)
(total): 13 - 14;
soft rays: 13. Caudal fin rounded (Ref. 6885). Color mottled gray or brown above, paler below; four or five vague darker saddles across back; two tan stripes across head; red below anterior part of spinous dorsal; mottled red brown on membranes of spinous dorsal fin, lighter between fifth and eighth spines; chestnut brown on rayed dorsal with pale gray marbling; on pectorals alternating bands of yellow brown, light gray, and dark brown; light gray with fine black speckling and orange patches on anal fin; on caudal fin dark reddish brown with fine vertical stripes of gray brown (Ref. 6885).
Occurs offshore (Ref. 2850).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.7 - 5.5, mean 1.6 (based on 106 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6289 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00533 - 0.02257), b=3.07 (2.88 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .