Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Triglidae
(Searobins) > Prionotinae
Etymology: Prionotus: Greek, prion, -onos = saw + Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 15 - 110 m (Ref. 2850), usually 18 - 46 m (Ref. 2850). Subtropical; 48°N - 34°S, 125°W - 70°W
Eastern Pacific: Columbia River in Washington, USA to Chile, but rare north of Baja California, Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 22.6  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38398); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9352)
Inhabits sand or sandy-mud bottom (Ref. 2850).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.3 - 28.9, mean 24.2 (based on 96 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00711 - 0.01770), b=2.96 (2.83 - 3.09), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 6.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.17-0.22; tm=3-4).
Prior r = 0.37, 95% CL = 0.25 - 0.56, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .